YOUR TEXAS AGRICULTURE MINUTE
Farmers cautiously optimistic in 2020
By Gary Joiner
This year is an important year for U.S. farmers and ranchers. What’s the attitude of America’s growers? Are better days ahead?
A recent American Farm Bureau Federation online survey of farmers, ranchers and agricultural industry leaders revealed cautious optimism in 2020 and over the next five years.
Nearly 83 percent of those surveyed expect farm profitability to be about the same or lower this year. This is despite a phase one agreement with China and enhanced trade opportunities with Canada, Mexico and Japan.
Many farmers are cautiously optimistic that these opportunities will turn into higher export volumes and ultimately improved farm profitability. Until then, farmers are reluctant to make significant investments in buildings, machinery or equipment. More than 83 percent of respondents expect to keep their capital investments to a minimum in 2020. Nearly 75 percent were unlikely to expand those capital investments over the next five years.
Farm debt continues to be a concern. U.S. farm debt is projected to be a record-high $425 billion in 2020, and real estate debt is projected to be a record-high $265 billion in both nominal and real dollars. Farm debt has increased for 17 consecutive years. Nearly 67 percent of respondents expect farm debt to rise this year, and nearly 60 percent expect farm debt to increase over the next five years.
The outlook from the U.S. Department of Agriculture is more optimistic. USDA recently projected net farm income to rise three percent this year to the highest level since 2014. Higher crop prices are forecast for soybeans, wheat and cotton and higher livestock prices are expected for cattle, pork, dairy and some poultry products.
Let’s hope the agency is right. U.S. farmers and ranchers could use a good year.
The preceding commentary is brought to you by Texas Farm Bureau, the “Voice of Texas Agriculture.” Called “Your Texas Agriculture Minute,” TFB will issue thought-provoking editorials each week—via print and audio—to spark understanding of agriculture in the Lone Star State and its impact on each and every Texan.
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